[Mission 2023] INSIGHTS DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS + PIB SUMMARY 6 September 2022 – INSIGHTSIAS – Insights IAS

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InstaLinks :  help you think beyond the issue but relevant to the issue from UPSC prelims and Mains exam point of view. These linkages provided in this ‘hint’ format help you frame possible questions in your mind that might arise(or an examiner might imagine) from each current event. InstaLinks also connect every issue to their static or theoretical background. This helps you study a topic holistically and add new dimensions to every current event to help you think analytically
 
Table of Contents:
GS Paper 2:
1. Funding public education
2. Public health need not be led by doctors alone
 
GS Paper 3:
1. Road Accidents in India
2. Natural farming
3. The road to Energy Atmanirbharta
 
Content for Mains Enrichment (Essay/Ethics)
1. In a first in Bihar, the district office goes paperless
2. Serena Williams – the woman who changed the game
 
Facts for Prelims:
1. Martand Temple in Kashmir
2. Mohenjo-Daro
3. O. Chidambaram Pillai
4. Ramon Magsaysay of the Philippines
5. Preventive detentions in 2021
6. PM-SHRI Yojana
7. Only Parliamentary law can amend the list of SC
8. Model Prison Act
9. BPaL
10. Inflatable Aerodynamic Decelerator (IAD)
11. Mapping
 
Syllabus: Issues related to the development of the social sector related to education,
 
Source: The Hindu
Directions: Important for mains, can be asked directly or you can use it as an example as issues arising in higher education due to less funding
Context: This is an editorial article, emphasizing that the universities that need support from the state as well as self-funding.
Currently, the government is asking universities to generate their own fund or privatize:
Issues with privatization of Education:
 
Other Challenges:

 
Recommendations:  
 
Insta Links:
NEP 2020
Kothari Education Commission
 
Mains Links:
Q. The quality of higher education in India requires major improvements to make it internationally competitive. Do you think that the entry of foreign educational institutions would help improve the quality of technical and higher education in the country? Discuss. (UPSC 2015)
 
Prelims links:
NEP
Kothari commission
General finance rules 2017
With reference to NEP 2020, consider the following statements:
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2
Ans: (d)
Justification:
Syllabus: Issues related to development of social sector related to health, measures to develop healthcare system in India etc
 
Source: The Hindu
Direction: Can be gone through once.
Context: There is suboptimal representation of public health professionals in State and Central advisory bodies of health.
Public Health:
What constitutes a public health worker?
What is expected out of Public health workers?
Role of administration in public health:
Four competencies for specific or general problem(environment or nutrition or infectious disease):
Issues:
Conclusion:
 
Insta Links:
Issues related to Health Sector
 
Mains Links:
Q. Critically examine the role of WHO in providing global health security during the COVID-19 Pandemic.(UPSC 2020)
Syllabus: Infrastructure: Road
 
Source: The Hindu,
Context: The recent unfortunate death of Cyrus Mistry (former chairman of Tata Sons) has put a spotlight on Road accidents in India
 
Status (as per the latest NCRB data)
 
Mechanisms to prevent death in a car accident?
Indian regulation:
What should be done:  

 
Insta Links 
Editorial: Road Accidents
 
Mains Links
Link it with governance (GS2) as well as Infrastructure issues (GS3) 
Q. Road traffic accidents are a leading cause of death in India, and a major contributor to socio-economic losses, disability burden, and hospitalization. Discuss (15M)
Syllabus: Agriculture
 
Source: Indian Express
Direction: Although no unique point has been mentioned, the article can be gone through once.
 Context: It is an editorial article (yesterday’s) by eminent agriculture economist Ashok Gulati, in which he emphasizes the need to promote natural/organic farming.
Issues with the current farming methods?
What should be done?
Natural Farming:
Natural Farming is a chemical-free alias traditional farming method. It is considered an agroecology-based diversified farming system which integrates crops, trees and livestock with functional biodiversity. 
Concerns:  Research by ICAR in India shows that the adoption of natural farming yields goes down for major staple crops like wheat and rice by as much as 30 to 50%. But the yields recover back to normal levels after some time.
Conclusion:
So, India needs a proper policy decision with better and more scientific evidence if India wants to avoid a Sri Lanka-like fiasco.
Insta Links
Zero Budget Natural Farming
Niti Ayog: Natural Farming
 
Mains Link:
Link it with precision farming- opportunities and challenges, natural farming and how they can help Indian agriculture.
 
Prelims Link:
With reference to the circumstances in Indian agriculture, the concept of “Conservation Agriculture” assume significance. Which of the following fall under the Conservation Agriculture?
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
(a) 1, 3 and 4
(b) 2, 3, 4 and 5
(c) 2, 4 and 5
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 5
 
Answer: C
FAO defines CA as A farming system that promotes minimum soil disturbance, maintenance of a permanent soil cover, and diversification of plant species.
It promotes the utilization of green manures/cover crops to produce the residue cover.
It does not associate with monoculture and plantation crops.
Syllabus: Indian Economy- Energy
 
Source: Indian Express
Direction: Know a few points on Energy security, Environment security, Social security and other dimensions
Context: It is an editorial article (yesterday’s) suggesting ways for India to become “Atmanirbhar” in the energy sector by 2040.
The IEA defines energy security as the uninterrupted availability of energy sources at an affordable price.
What does India need to do to achieve energy security by 2040?
 
Mains Links
Q. Discuss the ways that India can achieve energy security and strategic autonomy in the energy sector by 2040
 
Prelims Links
Link it with a status of sources of energy- renewable, non-renewable, % share etc.
Which one of the following is the purpose of ‘UDAY’, a scheme of the Government?
(a) Providing technical and financial assistance to start-up entrepreneurs in the field of renewable sources of energy
(b) Providing electricity to every household in the country by 2018
(c) Replacing the coal-based power plants with natural gas, nuclear, solar, wind and tidal power plants over a period of time.
(d) Providing for financial turnaround and revival of power distribution companies
Answer: D
 
Source: Indian Express
 Context: Saharsa has become the first district in Bihar to have gone completely paperless.
Benefits:
This example can be mentioned in benefits of e-governance/ digitization.
 
 
Source: BBC
Context: Serena Williams waved farewell to the US Open – and her illustrious career – amid emotional scenes after she lost to Australia’s Ajla Tomljanovic.
Her achievements are without parallel:
Overcame personal failure:

 
 Source: Indian Express
Context: ASI had objected to the ‘Navgrah Ashtamangalam Puja’ on the premises of Martand Temple as it is a heritage site.
About the temple:

 
Source: Indian Express
Context: Pakistan’s Department of Archaeology has said that Mohenjo-Daro might be removed from the world heritage list if urgent attention to its conservation and restoration is not given.
 Importance of Mohenjo-Daro
 
 
Source : PIB 
Context: Prime Minister, paid tributes to freedom fighter V. O. Chidambaram Pillai on his 150th birth Anniversary.
About:
Also known as Kappalottiya Tamizhan (“Tamil Helmsman”), was an Indian freedom fighter and former leader of the Indian National Congress. He founded the Swadeshi Steam Navigation Company in 1906 to compete against the monopoly of the British India Steam Navigation Company (BISNC).  Every product he used in his life was Swadeshi products.
 
 
Source: Indian Express
Context: Former Kerala health minister K K Shailaja has declined her nomination for the 2022 Ramon Magsaysay Award
Shailaja said that in view of the anti-communist stance of Ramon Magsaysay, the former Philippines president whose legacy the prestigious award honours, and for its foundation’s decision to consider her as an individual recipient for what was a state initiative, she had declined her nomination.
About Ramon Magsaysay Award:
 
 
Source: The Hindu
Context:
Laws mostly used for preventive detention:
Section 151 of the Code of Criminal Procedure: The police are empowered to make preventive arrests if they believe they must do so to prevent the commission of “any cognisable offense.
Preventive detention:
Constitutional provisions:
 
Source: PIB
Context:
 
Key Highlights:
 
 
Source: Indian Express
Context: Recently, Allahabad HC quashed the UP govt. order to notify 17 OBCs as scheduled caste.
 
Source: Hindustan Times
Direction: Prison/Police reforms are an important topic for Governance/Internal security. Have a few points ready on it. You may note a few things from here.
Context: After introducing a model prison manual in 2016, the centre will bring a Model Prisons Act by amending the British-era law Prisons Act 1894.
Previously in 2016, the centre brought Model Jail Manual containing several remedial points:
Issues with the jail system:
Other measures: Committee on Prison reform (headed by Amitava Roy), Draft national policy on prison reforms and correctional administration, 2007
  
Source: Times of India
Context: Short anti-Tuberculosis Treatment ‘BPal’ has shown favourable outcomes for 84 to 94% of TB patients and has therefore been given global approval.
 
About BPal
BPaL, a 6-month oral regimen (BPaL= ‘B’ for bedaquiline, Pa for Pretomanid and L for Linezolid) for treating extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB), as an alternative for at least 20 months of regular treatment.
 
About TB
 
 
Source:
Context: ISRO has tested IAD successfully for decelerating an object and landing payloads on another planet.
 
  

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