Fastest-growing jobs for women, from engineering to construction – Business Insider

It’s been 99 years since women were granted the right to vote, on August 26, 1920. Ever since 1973, the anniversary has been marked as Women’s Equality Day.
Women still aren’t paid as much as men in America — they make $0.79 for every dollar men make in 2019. While that gap has been steadily decreasing in recent years, women are getting more jobs in traditionally male-dominated fields. According to a new study by financial services company SmartAsset, some of the fastest-growing jobs for women are in construction, engineering, and ride-hailing services. The study used data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) from 2014-2018.
The fastest-growing job category is taxi drivers and chauffeurs, due to ride-hailing platforms like Uber and Lyft. There have been 394,000 more drivers — both male and female — on the road from 2014-2018. The second-fastest growing industry is construction: In the last five years, there was an 85% increase in construction jobs for women. Many jobs on the list are in STEM fields such as engineering, computer science, and healthcare.
Here are the 25 fastest-growing job for women.
Women employed in 2014: 33,700
Women employed in 2018: 43,700
What they do, according to O*NET: Construction and maintenance painters paint walls, equipment, or general structures, either by hand or with spray guns. They may also strip old paint from surfaces.
Women employed in 2014: 45,200
Women employed in 2018: 59,300
What they do, according to O*NET: Physical therapist assistants and aides are trained in physical therapy for patients who have trouble moving or are recovering from an injury. They assist a physical therapist with treatment plans, and document the progress of the patient’s recovery.
Women employed in 2014: 341,700
Women employed in 2018: 450,700
What they do, according to O*NET: Freight, stock, and material movers perform manual labor to move any stock necessary.
Women employed in 2014: 244,500
Women employed in 2018: 324,600
What they do, according to O*NET: Software developers create computer software and analyze users’ needs to fix software issues. They may also supervise computer programmers to make sure the software works effectively.
Women employed in 2014: 84,300
Women employed in 2018: 112,100
What they do, according to O*NET: Police and sheriff’s patrol officers protect citizens by enforcing local, state, federal, or tribal laws. 
Women employed in 2014: 165,000
Women employed in 2018: 220,600
What they do, according to O*NET: Pharmacists give out prescription drugs to patients, and give information to patients about medications and how to use them.
Women employed in 2014: 30,200
Women employed in 2018: 40,900
What they do, according to O*NET: Database administrators implement computer databases and coordinate changes to those databases.
Women employed in 2014: 110,900
Women employed in 2018: 150,900
What they do, according to O*NET: Compliance officers make sure companies are following outside regulations by looking at employees’ performance compared with existing guidelines.
Women employed in 2014: 26,700
Women employed in 2018: 36,300
What they do, according to O*NET: Mechanical engineers design tools, engines, and other machines. They may also install equipment like centralized heat, gas, and water systems.
Women employed in 2014: 36,400
Women employed in 2018: 50,300
What they do, according to O*NET: Supervisors of transportation and material moving workers review orders and production schedules to make sure shipments and products are coming in on time and are handled efficiently.
Women employed in 2014: 114,500
Women employed in 2018: 158,700
What they do, according to O*NET: Food servers typically work in cafeterias, hotels, or hospitals, as opposed to restaurant food servers who wait tables.
Women employed in 2014: 175,600
Women employed in 2018: 243,800
What they do, according to O*NET: Human resources managers serve as a link between management and employees in many companies by answering questions, letting employees voice their concerns, and administering contracts.
Women employed in 2014: 174,800
Women employed in 2018: 244,500
What they do, according to O*NET: Computer systems analysts look at data to improve computer system performance. They also look at user requirements, system capabilities, and workflow to upgrade systems.
Women employed in 2014: 54,000
Women employed in 2018: 76,000
What they do, according to O*NET: Reservation and transportation ticket agents make reservations for customers at hotels or for transportation, and may also help tourists by giving them information.
Women employed in 2014: 30,400
Women employed in 2018: 44,500
What they do, according to O*NET: Chemists and materials scientists research the chemical properties of natural or synthetic materials, like metal, rubber, ceramics, plastics, or glass.
Women employed in 2014: 140,500
Women employed in 2018: 208,000
What they do, according to O*NET: Non-farm animal caretakers care for pets like dogs or cats in kennels. They may also work in zoos or aquariums, where they take care of more exotic animals.
Women employed in 2014: 52,600
Women employed in 2018: 78,600
What they do, according to O*NET: Construction managers oversee construction workers to make sure they’re completing projects on time and in a safe environment. They also contribute to the overall construction scheduling and plan with contractors.
Women employed in 2014: 62,600
Women employed in 2018: 95,200
What they do, according to O*NET: Physician assistants provide healthcare services under the supervision of a physician, like physicals, treatment, or counseling.
Women employed in 2014: 45,000
Women employed in 2018: 71,000
What they do, according to O*NET: Architects plan and design structures like office buildings, factories, houses, and other buildings.
Women employed in 2014: 117,100
Women employed in 2018: 184,900
What they do, according to O*NET: Nurse practitioners diagnose and treat illnesses in a clinic or hospital. They may also perform diagnostic tests like lab work or x-rays. 
Women employed in 2014: 45,500
Women employed in 2018: 72,600
What they do, according to O*NET: Veterinarians diagnose and treat diseases or injuries in animals. They may also research diseases to prevent them, promoting animal health.
Women employed in 2014: 37,300
Women employed in 2018: 61,800
What they do, according to O*NET: Couriers and messengers pick up and deliver messages or other objects, like documents or food, via car, bicycle, or walking.
Women employed in 2014: 31,000
Women employed in 2018: 56,600
What they do, according to O*NET: Industrial engineers design and test industrial production methods, making sure human work factors and quality control are taken into account.
Women employed in 2014: 42,200
Women employed in 2018: 78,100
What they do, according to O*NET: Construction laborers build structures on construction sites, operating heavy machinery like power tools. They may also operate larger vehicles like bulldozers or cranes.
Women employed in 2014: 48,600
Women employed in 2018: 139,900
What they do, according to O*NET: Taxi drivers and chauffeurs drive passengers around, either through a taxi or limousine service, or through a ride-hailing platform like Uber or Lyft.
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