Breaking myths and stereotypes around Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) is crucial to achieve the UN's Sustainable Development Goal 5 (gender equality) and to accelerate technology-led economic growth and development. – Insights IAS

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Topic: Social empowerment
3. Breaking myths and stereotypes around Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) is crucial to achieve the UN’s Sustainable Development Goal 5 (gender equality) and to accelerate technology-led economic growth and development. Discuss. (250 words)
Difficulty level: Moderate
Reference: Indian ExpressInsights on India
Why the question:
While women make up about 47% of the total workforce, they are statistically under-represented in STEM, with less than 30% of the world’s researchers being women.
Key Demand of the question:
To write about the ways to empower women in STEM and improve their participation.
Directive word: 
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Introduction: 
Start the answer by citing the status of gender equality in STEM in India.
Body:
Discuss the status of women in Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics (STEM) fields. About 43% of STEM graduates in India may be women, which is the highest in the world, but women’s share in STEM jobs in India is a mere 14%.
Most of the women STEM graduates in India either pursue another career or do not work at all. Women across the world face the ‘leaky pipeline’ problem in STEM fields.
Suggest some measures to improve women’s participation in STEM fields. Discuss the efforts of the government in this direction. Talk about policy measures in force.
Conclusion:
Conclude by writing a way forward.
 
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