Very recently a new apparatus called “K-Slump Tester” has been devised. It can be used to measure the slump directly in one minute after the tester is inserted in the fresh concrete to the level of the floater disc. This tester can also be used to measure the relative workability.
The K-Slump Tester apparatus comprises of the following four principal parts:
- A chrome-plated steel tube with external and internal diameters of 1.9 and 1.6 cm respectively. The tube is 25 cm long and its lower part is used to make the test. The length of this part is 15.5 cm which includes the solid cone that facilitates inserting the tube into the concrete. Two types of openings are provided in this part: 4 rectangular slots 5.1 cm long and 0.8 cm wide and 22 round holes 0.64 cm in diameter; all these openings are distributed uniformly in the lower part as shown in Figure 1.
- A disc floater 6 cm in diameter and 0.24 cm in thickness which divides the tube into two parts: the upper part serves as a handle and the lower one is for testing as already mentioned. The disc serves also to prevent the tester from sinking into the concrete beyond the preselected level.
- A hollow plastic rod 1.3 cm in diameter and 25 cm long which contains a graduated scale in centimetres. This rod can move freely inside the tube and can be used to measure the height of mortar that flows into the tube and stays there. The rod is plugged at each end with a plastic cap to prevent concrete or any other material from seeping inside.
- An aluminium cap 3 cm diameter and 2.25 cm long which have a little hole and a screw that can be used to set and adjust the reference zero of the apparatus. There is also in the upper part of the tube, a small pin which is used to support the measuring rod at the beginning of the test. The total weight of the apparatus is 226 g.
Method of Testing
The following procedure is used:
- Wet the tester with water and shake off the excess.
- Raise the measuring rod, tilt slightly and let it rest on the pin located inside the tester.
- Insert the tester on the levelled surface of concrete vertically down until the disc floater rests at the surface of the concrete. Do not rotate while inserting or removing the tester.
- After 60 seconds, lower the measuring rod slowly until it rests on the surface of the concrete that has entered the tube and read the K-Slump directly on the scale of the measuring rod.
- Raise the measuring rod again and let it rest on its pin.
- Remove the tester from the concrete vertically up and again lower the measuring rod slowly till it touches the surface of the concrete retained in the tube and read workability (W) directly on the scale of the measuring rod.
In the concrete industry, the slump test is still the most widely used test to control consistency of concrete mixtures, even though there are some questions about its Significance and its effectiveness. Many agree that the test is awkward and is not in keeping with the strides that the industry has made since 1913 when the slump cone was first introduced. Several apparatus have been proposed to replace or supplement the slump cone, but in general they have proved to be rich in theory and poor in practice. Their use is still limited mainly to research work in laboratories.
The K-Slump apparatus is very simple, practical, and economical to use, both in the field and the laboratory. It has proven, with over 450 tests, that it has a good correlation with the slump cone.
The K-slump tester can be used to measure slump in one minute in cylinders, pails, buckets, wheel-barrows, slabs or any other desired location where the fresh concrete is placed. A workability index can be determined by the tester.
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